Back pain has been termed as the pain one feels in the back. The back extends from the lower side of the head all the way to the thorax and includes the cervical spine, the thoracic spine, the lumbar region, and the sacral spine. The pain in the back should not be ignored unless it comes for a short while due to fatigue then completely disappears. It can range between mild, medium and intense pain. If you are suspecting anything is wrong with your back due to constant or momentary pain, then you will benefit from the following information.
Types of back pain
Back pain can be of various types and can be classified according to the extent of the pain, or the characteristics of the pain. In terms of the extent of the pain, back pain can be classified as either acute, subacute, and chronic. Acute back pain lasts up to 12 weeks consistently. Subacute pain is the reference to the second half of the acute pain and lasts for the better part of the 6 months. Chronic pain lasts for the period beyond 12 weeks. Based on the characteristics of the pain, back pain can be classified as specific, nonspecific, or radicular. Specific pain is pain whose cause is a known medical condition such as a disease. Nonspecific pain, which is the most common type of pain, is back pain whose origin can be attributed to many different sources such as tissues, muscles, fascia and ligaments. Radicular back pain is associated with problems to the nerves or the nervous system as a whole.
Back pain conditions
The conditions associated with back pain vary according to the cause and extent of the pain. If a patient notes that their back pain is causing them to loose weight and have fever, they should seek immediate medical attention. Also, if they notice back pain is as associated with numbness and weakness in the legs, they should also seek immediate medical advice since it may eventually lead to difficulty in controlling the bowels and the bladder. In the long term, it may lead to paralysis in the patient hence the best care should be taken for this case.
Back pain diagnosis
The diagnosis of back pain takes the form of combining an examination of the medical history, carrying out physical tests using the hand and X-ray and ultrasound machines. The patient should state precisely what they feel and when they first felt the pain. For all you may know, the pain could have been there for a long time but was being ignored until it was too late.
Back pain management and prevention
For effective back pain management, most painkillers will be used to alleviate the pain of the patient. Due to the extent of the pain, the doctor will prescribe the exact strength of painkillers. The patient should ensure that they follow the doctor’s instructions to prevent further damage to the back and to heal the damage already sustained. To prevent back pain, follow a healthy routine which entails physical exercise and correct lifting procedures.